Crocodile tears syndrome: botulinum toxin treatment under EMG guidance. Sibel Kizkin. Selim Doganay.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of botulinum toxin treatment for facial asymmetry in 18 patients after acute facial palsy who could not be optimally treated by medical or surgical management because of severe medical or other problems. METHODS: From tonine patients with Bell's palsy, 5 with herpes zoster oticus and 4 with traumatic facial palsy 10 men and 8 women; age range, yr; mean, The amount injected per site varied from 2.
Botox is a protein derived from botulinum toxin. It relaxes unwanted muscle movements on the normal side of the face and reduces tension in areas of the face that are hyperactive due to synkinesis. At the Facial Paralysis Institute, Botox is utilized to address asymmetric facial movement in a novel manner to create a more symmetrical facial movement and reduce the signs of facial paralysis and synkinesis.
Verified by Psychology Today. The Fallible Mind. What's concerning is that clients typically come back for regular injections, because the limited paralysis the toxin induces lasts only two to three months. Botox is the brand name for botulinum toxin—aone of the most lethal poisons known.
Botulinum toxin is a protein produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum which blocks the release of acetylcholine. Acetylcholine is the substance that is responsible for transmitting electrical impulses which make the facial muscles contract. Overactivity of some facial muscles may occur following facial palsy.
Background: The treatment of facial palsy aims to recover symmetry in both static and dynamic states, which are seriously affected in this condition. Previous studies mainly have emphasized surgical and invasive methods. The objective of this study is to evaluate the action of the botulinum toxin in reduction of the contralateral hyperkinesis of the perioral area in this pathology.
J Neurol Neurosci Vol. Multiple facial muscles presented weakness regardless of BTX-A injection and electrophysiological study revealed left facial nerve palsy. Facial nerve palsy improved completely after 24 weeks.
Botox is widely utilized by dermatologists and cosmetic surgeons as a means of reducing facial lines and wrinkles. Eventually the facial nerve will start to divide into a series of branches bound for either the brow, eye, cheek, lips or neck and migrating nerve fibers will be forced to select a path. Unfortunately, some nerve fibers that the brain has earmarked for a particular function may ultimately grow to the wrong location. For example, a collection of nerve fibers the brain has deemed responsible for smiling may grow to the muscles at the corner of the mouth and eyelid.
Context: Synkinesis refers to an involuntary movement accompanying a voluntary one that is a consequence of facial paralysis. The cosmetic procedure is used for the management of synkinesis that results in facial symmetry. Botulinum A toxin BTX-A has been used for more than two decades for resolving asymmetry and synkinesis.
From the images on television and in movies of celebrities looking perfect and wrinkle—free after numerous Botox treatments, many people find it hard to believe that Botox carries several risks. Botox is a name commonly used for botulinum toxin or botulism. Although it is the most toxic substance known to mankind, it is used medicinally in small doses to treat muscle spasms. However, since its cosmetic effect was discovered inwomen and men inject it into their face for a young, fresher looking appearance.