A selection of transgender biographies from the past and the present. More books will be found under the subject heading Transgender people. Works of fiction can be found under keyword Transgender fiction.
Transgender and transsexual are commonly confused terms that both refer to gender identity. Transgender is a broader, more inclusive category that includes all individuals who do not identify with the gender that corresponds to the sex they were assigned at birth. Transsexual is a more narrow category that includes individuals who desire to physically transition to the sex that corresponds with the gender with which they identify.
Think of your most noticeable feature. But whatever it is, for better or worse, it is probably not your most salient feature to the world around you. Gender identity haunts every aspect of our lives, dictating the outcomes of our conversations, our workplaces, our relationships — even our bath products.
Benjamin relocated to New York in and started a private medical practice there. His work concerned the treatments to reverse the aging process and was especially concerned with sex hormones. In Kinsey recommended a patient to Benjamin. Born male, the patient expressed an acute desire to become a woman.
I n recent years, US society has seen a sea change in the perception of transgender people, with celebrities such as Caitlyn Jenner and Laverne Cox becoming the recognizable faces of a marginalized population. Transgender rights have also become a mainstream political issue, and the idea that people should be referred to by the names and pronouns they find most fitting—whether or not these designations match those on their birth certificates, or align with the categories of male and female—is gaining acceptance. Yet a biological understanding of the contrast between the natal sex and the gender identity of transgender people remains elusive.
For example, a transgender person may identify as a woman despite having been born with male genitalia. Nearlyadults in the United States identify as transgender, according to research by the Williams Institute at the University of California, Los Angeles. A person's internal sense of being male, female or something else is their gender identity.
According to a draft memo leaked to The New York Timesthe US Department of Health and Human Services HHS proposes to establish a legal definition of whether someone is male or female based solely and immutably on the genitals they are born with. Genetic testing, it says, could be used to resolve any ambiguity about external appearance. The move would make it easier for institutions receiving federal funds, such as universities and health programmes, to discriminate against people on the basis of their gender identity.
Transgender people have a gender identity or gender expression that differs from their assigned sex. Being transgender is independent of sexual orientation :  transgender people may identify as heterosexual, homosexual, bisexualasexualor may decline to label their sexual orientation. The term transgender is also distinguished from intersexa term that describes people born with physical sex characteristics "that do not fit typical binary notions of male or female bodies".
International Transgender Day of Visibility falls annually on March 31, though even the most casual observer must wonder if we still need a day to mark it. In the three years since Caitlin Jenner transitioned there has been an explosion of transgender visibility. What might be lacking is an International Day of Transgender Understanding.
Transsexual people experience a gender identity that is inconsistent with, or not culturally associated with, their assigned sex and desire to permanently transition to the gender with which they identify, usually seeking medical assistance including hormone replacement therapy and other sex reassignment therapies to help them align their body with their identified sex or gender. Transsexual is a subset of transgender   but some transsexual people reject the label of transgender. Norman Haire reported that in Dora R of Germany began a surgical transition, under the care of Magnus Hirschfeldwhich ended in with a successful genital reassignment surgery. InHirschfeld supervised the second genital reassignment surgery to be reported in detail in a peer-reviewed journal, that of Lili Elbe of Denmark.